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Type of publication: Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science ar/ir Scopus / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science or / and Scopus (S1)
Field of Science: Aplinkos inžinerija / Environmental engineering (T004)
Author(s): Punys, Petras;Dumbrauskas, Antanas;Rimkus, Zenonas;Štreimikienė, Dalia
Title: Les énergies renouvelables dans les pays Baltes: le cas de l’hydroelectricité
Other Title: Renewable energy in the Baltic countries: the case of hydropower
Is part of: Houille blanche - revue internationale de l eau. , 2006, Iss.1
Extent: p. 91-101
Date: 2006
Abstract: This paper analysis the use of renewable energy sources (RES) dedicated mainly for electricity generation in the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania). Hydropower sector including both large (medium) and small power plants is particularly considered. The region has very limited energy resources of its own and is heavily dependent on the import of the primary energy sources (in some way except Estonia). The main objective of energy policy of the Baltic countries is to reduce such a total dependence by favouring the use of RES. A brief description of energy sector is given, focusing on electricity generation. RES potential currently in use and to be exploited in the future is discussed. The countries targets broken down according to the individual RES to meet the EU "green" electricity directive (20011771 CE) are presented. Small and large hydropower potential is analyzed, a general overview of hydroplants in operation and planned schemes is provided. A particular attention is devoted to environmental and social aspects of hydropower development. The requirements of the protected areas in relation to dam construction are analyzed. an estimation of resistance to small hydropower development is shown. The environmental legislation including forbidden rivers for damming actually in force in the Baltic countries is considered: hydropower image perceptible by general public, NGOs and official environmental bodies are discussed. The causes and legal basis of the promulgation of the list of forbidden rivers are revealed. A conclusion is drawn that the contradiction between the two EU legal frameworks - environmental protection and promotion of renewables, in the case of hydropower exists. The evaluation of the quantitative impact of the forbidden rivers on hydropower resources in Lithuania proves the environmental legislation is one of the strictest in the European countries
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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