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Type of publication: Straipsnis kituose recenzuojamuose leidiniuose / Article in other peer-reviewed editions (S5)
Field of Science: Menotyra / History and theory of arts (H003)
Author(s): Stauskas, Vladas
Title: The ecological approach in urban planning of residential districts and resorts
Is part of: WHO 2nd international housing and health symposium: Proceedings of symposium = 2-asis PSO tarptautinis sveikatos ir būsto simpoziumas, 2004 09 29 - 10 01, Vilnius, Lietuva: straipsnių rinkinys. Copenhagen : World Health Organization, 2005
Extent: p. 669-674
Date: 2004
Keywords: Gamtosauga;Miestų planavimas;Žaluma;Sveikata;Ecology;Urban planning;Greenery;Health
Abstract: What are the main goals of urban planning? Until now both the popular and special literature most frequently mentions the words “investments”, “construction”, “economics” etc. But what after all is the final goal and result of these investments? – It’s happiness of people: inhabitants or guests. “Happiness” in the broadest sense – not only material welfare; it includes emotional and physical factors. It’s primarily – health. We have elaborated and used in planning practice the so-called “ecological approach” in urban planning, which is one of the working instruments for sustainable development. The main principles are: 1. Not to start territorial planning with search for “where and what to construct” but to commence this task primarily finding and preserving areas and places where nothing shall be constructed. Values of natural landscape inside cities, and even more in resorts towns or holiday areas, are essential for the health of inhabitants. It’s easy to destroy them but rebuilt later on – impossible.2. Principle of balance and harmony. E.g. balance between interests of “economy” and “ecology”, between interests of “economy” and “aesthetics”, between differences of social interests, between contemporary architecture and protection of historical cultural heritage in the area.3. Principle of diversity. The guarantee of the vital capacity of urban planning is the same as in nature – its variety. The solutions must come “from below”, from the local situation, but not vice versa. Standards would be anti-humanistic and anti-ecological.4. Principle of ecologisation of the design process. In territorial zoning the two parallel systems should be applied: the “eco-zoning” and “functional zoning”. Eco-zoning must be the primary phase, when the future usage of the territory is harmoniously coordinated with the specific needs of preservation.[...]
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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