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Type of publication: Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science ar/ir Scopus / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science or / and Scopus (S1)
Field of Science: Energetika ir termoinžinerija / Energetics and thermal engineering (T006)
Author(s): Lelis, Martynas;Milčius, Darius;Wirth, Emmanuel;Halenius, Ulf;Eriksson, Lars;Jansson, Kjell;Kadir, Karim;Ruan, Juanfang;Sato, Toyoto;Yokosawa, Tadahiro;Noreus, Dag
Title: A mechanically switchable metal-insulator transition in Mg2NiH4 discovers a strain sensitive, nanoscale modulated resistivity connected to a stacking fault
Is part of: Journal of alloys and compounds. [Amsterdam] : Elsevier Science, Vol. 496, iss. 1-2 (2010)
Extent: p. 81-86
Date: 2010
Keywords: Hydrogen storage materials;Semiconductors;Thin films;Scanning and transmission electron;Microscopy;X-ray diffraction
Abstract: The band gap in semiconducting Mg2NiH4 was found to be dependent on subtle structural differences. This was discovered when investigating if thin film samples of Mg2NiH4 could be used in a switchable mirror or window device by utilizing a high to low temperature transition at about 510 K. In powder samples; this transition between an FCC high temperature phase, with dynamically disordered NiH4-complexes, and a monoclinic distorted low temperature phase, with ordered Mg2NiH4-complexes, has been demonstrated in a mechanical reversible conductor–insulator transition (Blomqvist and Noréus (2002) [7]). Black monoclinic Mg2NiH4 powders were found to have a band gap of 1.1 eV. Pressed tablets of black monoclinic Mg2NiH4 powders are conductive, probably from doping by impurities or non-stoichiometry. Thin film Mg2NiH4 samples were produced by reacting hydrogen with magnetron sputtered Mg2Ni films on quartz glass or CaF2 substrates. The Mg2NiH4 films on the other hand were orange, transparent with a band gap of 2.2 eV and a cubic unit cell parameter almost identical to the disorder HT phase but with lower symmetry. If black Mg2NiH4 powder is heated above the phase transition at 510 K and subsequently cooled down, the conductivity is lost and the powder turns brown. After this heat treatment TEM pictures revealed a multiple stacking fault having a local pseudo-cubic arrangement separating regions of monoclinic symmetry. The loss of conductivity and colour change is attributed to a higher band gap in the strained areas. The structure on each side of the stacking fault is related by a mirror plane as a consequence of the possibility for the NiH4-complexes to order with different orientations. This leads to a mismatch in the long range ordering and strain is probably creating the stacking faults. Strain is important for forming the cubic modification
Affiliation(s): Lietuvos energetikos institutas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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