Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/44154
Type of publication: Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Teisė / Law (S001)
Author(s): Gruodytė, Edita
Title: Valstybės tarnautojo samprata nusikaltimų valstybės tarnybai ir viešiesiems interesams skyriuje
Other Title: Conception of public official in state service and public interests crimes section
Is part of: Jurisprudencija: mokslo darbai. Vilnius : Mykolo Romerio universitetas, 2006, Nr. 7(85)
Extent: p. 86-94
Date: 2006
Keywords: Valstybės tarnautojai;Viešieji interesai;Public servants;Public interests
Abstract: Straipsnio tikslas – atskleisti Lietuvos Respublikos baudžiamojo kodekso (toliau – BK) nusikaltimų valstybės tarnybai ir viešiesiems interesams skyriuje vartojamus valstybės tarnautojo ir jam prilygintų asmenų terminus. Šis tikslas įgyvendinamas pasitelkiant istorinį, analitinį, gramatinį, lyginamąjį mokslo metodus. Pirmiausia trumpai istoriškai apžvelgiama šių terminų sampratos kaita nepriklausomybės laikotarpiu ir šios kaitos priežastys, kad būtų galima lengviau atskleisti esamų apibrėžimų turinį. Tačiau daugiausia dėmesio skiriama esamų valstybės tarnautojo ir jam prilygintų asmenų sąvokų turinio analizei – ji atliekama taikant išvardytus metodus, nagrinėjant esamą teismų praktiką ir kylančias praktines problemas, lyginant su kai kurių kitų valstybių apibrėžimais. Valstybės tarnautojo sąvokos turinį stengiamasi įvertinti kritiškai – aptariami esami netikslumai ir pateikiamos galimos esamų baudžiamųjų įstatymų pataisos
The term „public official“ and crimes to the public service is the most controversial topic in Lithuanian criminal law because legislator changed it’s meaning and content several times in the period of independence. The aim of the author - to reveal definitions „public official and persons equated to public official“ in Lithuanian criminal code. Because those terms survived several changes during Lithuanian independence and also because there was no unanimous opinion among Lithuanian scientists regarding that topic the author of the article at first historically reveals how the definition was changing in the period of Lithuanian independence. The aim of it - to see why the main changes were made and if they were successful for Lithuanian criminal code. According to the authors’ opinion reform of those articles during which there was eliminated difference between analogous crimes – corruption, bribe, in public service and private service can’t be evaluated only positively because those two spheres are regulated by two opposite legal methods - imperative and dispositive and sometimes corruption in public sphere may be not corruption in private sphere. Criminal code gives two definitions - one of public official, the other - of natural persons, who are equated to public officials and there we have some problems because legislator by conceptualising those terms uses some conceptions which are not revealed in other legal acts,some of them are already outdated or ambiguous, mixes terms, definitions, does not use terms which are common in civil law, the meaning of some terms used in the definition has several meanings and one can understand them differently
Internet: http://www.mruni.eu/lt/mokslo_darbai/jurisprudencija/archyvas/?l=96798
http://www.mruni.eu/lt/mokslo_darbai/jurisprudencija/archyvas/?l=96798
Affiliation(s): Mykolo Romerio universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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