Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/42382
Type of publication: Straipsnis kituose recenzuojamuose leidiniuose / Article in other peer-reviewed editions (S5)
Field of Science: Teisė / Law (S001)
Author(s): Kiršienė, Julija
Title: Akcininko teisių į bendrovės turtą prigimties teoriniai ir praktiniai aspektai
Other Title: The issues of nature of shareholder's rights to the property of corporation
Is part of: Jurisprudencija: mokslo darbai. Vilnius : LTU Leidybos centras, 2002, T. 31(23)
Extent: p. 67-79
Date: 2002
Keywords: Finansinis turtas;Akcininkai;Bendrovės turtas;Financial property;Shareholder;Property of company
Abstract: Akcininko ir bendrovės santykis šiuo metu yra itin aktualus ir įdomus Lietuvos teisės mokslui ir praktikai. Akcija yra finansinio turto rūšis, todėl straipsnyje pristatoma finansinio turto instituto genezė. Finansinio turto problema yra glaudžiai susijusi su juridinio asmens institutu. Juridinio asmens samprata yra kildinama iš fikcijos teorijos. Juridinės fikcijos padeda išsaugoti teisės sistemą, bet lemia naujas teisines problemas. Įstatymų leidėjas Civilinio kodekso 2.45 straipsniui išreiškė poziciją, kad akcininkas neišsaugo nuosavybės teisių į perduodamą bendrovei turtą, bet įgyja prievolinių teisių ir pareigų bendrovės atžvilgiu. Išsami akcinės bendrovės steigimo akto analizė įrodo, kad akcininko teisės į bendrovės turtą nėra įprastos prievolinės teisės. Šios teisės turi daug daiktinėms teisėms būdingų bruožų. Todėl akcininkų ir bendrovės santykiai turi būti itin detaliai reguliuojami. Tačiau vien reguliuojant šio sudėtingo santykio problemos nebus išspręstos, labai svarbus teismų praktikos ir bendrovių teisės doktrinos vaidmuo
The problem of the ownership rights of shareholder to the property of company is very important for the Lithuanian law science, practice and has a direct impact on the economy. The legislator stated in Civil Code of Lithuania (art. 2.45) that a shareholder does not save any ownership rights to the property of company, but only has liability rights and obligations related to the property of company. This position of legislator is not accurate enoughfrom the theoretical point of view. The issues of this article are whether the rights of shareholder to the property of company are ownership rights or liability rights, what is the theoretical and historical basis of every view, what are the practical consequences and how the doctrine and legal regulation should be developed. Shares is the financial property of shareholder. In the article the historical development of the legal institute of financial property is shortly introduced. Company is a fiction of person as well as a share is the fiction of thing. The fiction of share derives from the fiction of juridical person. The fiction is an instrument for the including into the juridical sphere such phenomenons of economy and social life, that did not exist when the system of law was created in order to save the system of law. But fictions create new legal problems and demand very flexible and accurate approach to the arising legal problems. Otherwise, fictions begin to serve the law only, but not the objects of the law. In the article the nature and features of shareholder's rights is theoretically analized and the conclusion of this analysis is that these rights have the features of ownership as well as the features of liability rights, so the relations of shareholders and company have to be regulated very accurately. On the other hand all problems could not be solved by regulation only, the role of courts putting in practice the laws and legal doctrine is very important
Internet: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/42382
https://www3.mruni.eu/ojs/jurisprudence/article/view/3551/3343
Affiliation(s): Mykolo Romerio universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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